There is a correlation between adverse childhood experiences ACE and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD development, with a more pronounced association in women, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC researchers found.
In study results published in International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, researchers examined the data of 26,546 women and 19,015 men in MN, MT, VT, WA, and WI. Occurrences of childhood abuse, household dysfunction, COPD diagnoses were recorded in addition to age, gender, race, marital status, education, and smoking status.
In their analysis, the investigators noted 12.7 percent and 4.4 percent of respondents were diagnosed with asthma and COPD, respectively. Overall, 63.1 percent of participants claimed they experienced one ACE prior to age 18.
Specifically, the writers discovered that “men were significantly P<0.05 more likely to report childhood verbal abuse,” while “women were significantly P<0.05 more likely to report childhood sexual abuse; living with a substance abusing household member; living with a mentally ill household member; and to report 5 or more ACEs compared to men.”